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I hear that he's not so rich.
I hear that he's not very rich.

We can't use not so in the sense of not very. The expression He's not so rich implies a comparison: He's not so rich as you are.

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His uncle is in London at present.
His uncle is in London presently.

At present and presently are not synonymous. At present means now, but presently means soon: She will come back presently (= soon)

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He's a very strong man.
He's a much strong man.
He's much stronger than I am
He's very stronger than I am.

Use very with adjectives and adverbs in the positive, and with present participles used as adjectives like interesting. Use much with comparatives.

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Last night I went to bed late.
Last night I went to bed lately.

The opposite of early is late, not lately. Lately means in recent times: I haven't been there lately.

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I saw your friend two weeks ago.
I saw your friend before two weeks.

We use ago in counting from the time of speaking to a point in the past; half an hour ago, three days ago, four months ago, five years ago, a long time ago. We use before in counting from a distant to a nearer point in the past. Napoleon died in 1821, he had lost the battle of Waterloo six years before.

When we use ago, the verb is always in the simple past tense: He came five minutes ago.

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