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Although the question was easy, few boys were able to answer it.
Although the question was easy, a few boys were able to answer it.
Although the question was difficult, a few boys were able to answer it.
Although the question was difficult, few boys were able to answer it.

Few means not many and emphasises the smallness of the number, it is distinguished from a few, which means at least some.

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Jack was injured in a car accident.
Jack was wounded in a car accident.

People are injured or hurt as a result of an accident or a fight, but people are wounded in wars and battles.

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She gave an apple to every of the children.
She gave an apple to each of the children.
Each child had an apple.
Every child had an apple.

Use each for one of two or more things, taken one by one. Never use every for two, but always for more than two things, taken as a group. Each is more individual and specific, but every is the more emphatic word.

Each and every are always singular: Each (or every) one of the twenty boys has a book.

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This girl is elder than that one
This girl is older than that one.
My older brother is called John.
My elder brother is called John.

Older and oldest are applied to both people and things, while elder and eldest are applied to people only, and most frequently to related people.

Elder can't be followed by than: Jane is older (not elder) than her sister.

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You should keep your hands clear.
You should keep your hands clean.

Clean is the opposite of dirty. Clear means transparent or unclouded: clear water, a clear sky.

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