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This girl is older than that one.
This girl is elder than that one
My elder brother is called John.
My older brother is called John.

Older and oldest are applied to both people and things, while elder and eldest are applied to people only, and most frequently to related people.

Elder can't be followed by than: Jane is older (not elder) than her sister.

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Turn the page for farther instructions.
Turn the page for further instructions

Use further to mean both greater distance and more of something. We only use farther for distances: I live a bit farther away than you. Don't use it to mean more. We use further for both meanings in modern English.

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He's grown into a handsome young man.
He's grown into a beautiful young man.

We usually say that a man is handsome or good-looking, and that a woman is beautiful, lovely, good looking or pretty.

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Adam found one ring in the street.
Adam found a ring in the street

Don't use the numeral one instead of the indefinite article a or an. Use one only where the number is emphatic: He gave me one book instead of two.

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My brother hasn't much books.
My brother hasn't many books
Is there many dust in the room?
Is there much dust in the room?

Use many with plural nouns: many books or many boys. Use much with uncountable nouns: much water or much bread.

In affirmative sentences many and much are generally replaced by a lot (of), a great deal (of), plenty (of), a good deal (of), a good many (of), a great number (of), a large quantity (of), etc

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