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If he would have asked me, I would stay.
If he had asked me, I would have stayed.

Express a counterfactual (that didn't happen) condition by the past perfect and use the past conditional in the main clause. This use of the past perfect doesn't indicate a time but an impossible happening.

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The train already left before I arrived.
The train had already left before I arrived.

Use the past perfect when the time of one past action is more past than that of another. Put the action which was completed first in the past perfect and the second action in the past tense.

Don't use the present tense and the past perfect in the same sentence. It would be incorrect to say: My brother says that he had not gone to the cinema last night.

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Last year I was walking to school every day
Last year I walked to school every day.

Use the simple past tense to express a habit in the past, and not the past continuous

Use the past continuous tense to describe events in the past happening at the time another action took place: I was walking to school when I met him.

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Last Sunday Alisa told me that she may come.
Last Sunday Alisa told me that she might come.

May changes to might in subordinate clauses, when the verb in the main clause is in the past simple tense.

The conjunction that is never preceded by a comma.

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He said that he will come tomorrow.
He said that he would come tomorrow.

Will changes to would in subordinate causes, when the verb in the main clause is in a past tense.

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