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I have seen the Parthenon of Athens.
I saw the Parthenon of Athens.

If we are speaking of the result of a past action rather than of the action we must use the present perfect tense. When somebody says, I have seen Panthenon, he or she is not thinking so much of the past act of seeing it, as the present result of that past action.

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I've been at this school two years.
I'm at this school two years.

Use the present perfect (and not the simple present) for an action begun in the past and continuing into the present. I've been at this school two years means I'm still here.

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Ian can speak English very well.
Ian can speaks English very well.

After the verbs can, must, may, shall, and will, use the infinitive without to , and not the third person of the present.

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If he asks me, I will stay.
If he'll ask me, I will stay.

Use the present tense in a future conditional in the if clause and the future tense in the main clause

But the future tense may be used in an if clause expressing a request: If you will/'ll give me some money I will/'ll buy you a drink.

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Last Sunday Alisa told me that she might come.
Last Sunday Alisa told me that she may come.

May changes to might in subordinate clauses, when the verb in the main clause is in the past simple tense.

The conjunction that is never preceded by a comma.

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