Вивчайте Справжню Англійську з фільмів та книг

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We sit at a desk to write a letter.
We seat at a desk to write a letter.
He seated the passengers one by one.
He sat the passengers one by one.

Use sit as an intransitive verb. Seat is a transitive verb and requires an object. Very often the object of seat is a reflexive pronoun: He seated himself near the fire. The principal parts of the two verbs are: sit, sat, sat, and seat, seated, seated.

Don't confuse sit with set, which usually means to place. Common idioms with set: to set the table, to set on fire, to set off (or out), to set a trap, to set a clock, to set a price, to set your heart on, to set free, to set an example, to set a broken bone, to set to work (= to start work).

America was discovered by Columbus.
America was invented by Columbus.
Edison invented the gramophone.
Edison discovered the gramophone.

To discover is to find that which existed before but was unknown, and to invent is to create that which didn't exist before.

Penny didn't leave me to get my book.
Penny didn't let me get my book.

Let means to allow. Leave means to abandon or to go away from: Do you leave your books at school?

I rent the house from Mr Jones.
I let the house from Mr Jones.

To rent something is to pay to use it, usually for a long period of time: a house, a car, a piano etc. To let something is to allow someone to pay you for the use of something that belongs to you.

Do you put your money in the bank?
Do you keep your money in the bank?

It's better to use keep for a more or less permanent resting place, and put for a temporary one.

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