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I hear that he's not very rich.
I hear that he's not so rich.

We can't use not so in the sense of not very. The expression He's not so rich implies a comparison: He's not so rich as you are.

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I saw your friend before two weeks.
I saw your friend two weeks ago.

We use ago in counting from the time of speaking to a point in the past; half an hour ago, three days ago, four months ago, five years ago, a long time ago. We use before in counting from a distant to a nearer point in the past. Napoleon died in 1821, he had lost the battle of Waterloo six years before.

When we use ago, the verb is always in the simple past tense: He came five minutes ago.

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Last night I went to bed late.
Last night I went to bed lately.

The opposite of early is late, not lately. Lately means in recent times: I haven't been there lately.

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It's very hot in Rome in the summer.
It's too hot in Rome in the summer.
It's now too hot to play football.
It's now very hot to play football.

Very simply makes the adjective or adverb stronger. Too means more than enough, or so much that something else happens as a result.

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He's a much strong man.
He's a very strong man.
He's very stronger than I am.
He's much stronger than I am

Use very with adjectives and adverbs in the positive, and with present participles used as adjectives like interesting. Use much with comparatives.

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