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It's too hot in Rome in the summer.
It's very hot in Rome in the summer.
It's now very hot to play football.
It's now too hot to play football.

Very simply makes the adjective or adverb stronger. Too means more than enough, or so much that something else happens as a result.

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Zoe scarcely comes to see me now.
Zoe rarely comes to see me now

Scarcely isn't synonymous with rarely. Rarely means not often, scarcely means not quite: I had scarcely finished when he came.

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She rubbed her eyes hard.
She rubbed her eyes hardly.

Hard means severely. Hardly means not quite or scarcely: The baby can hardly walk.

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I saw your friend two weeks ago.
I saw your friend before two weeks.

We use ago in counting from the time of speaking to a point in the past; half an hour ago, three days ago, four months ago, five years ago, a long time ago. We use before in counting from a distant to a nearer point in the past. Napoleon died in 1821, he had lost the battle of Waterloo six years before.

When we use ago, the verb is always in the simple past tense: He came five minutes ago.

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The messenger will arrive presently.
The messenger will arrive just now.

If we are speaking of a near and immediate future time, we must use presently, immediately, in a minute, or soon. Just now refers to present past time, and not to future time: He's not at home just now (= at this moment). He left just now (= a little time ago).

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