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I saw your friend two weeks ago.
I saw your friend before two weeks.

We use ago in counting from the time of speaking to a point in the past; half an hour ago, three days ago, four months ago, five years ago, a long time ago. We use before in counting from a distant to a nearer point in the past. Napoleon died in 1821, he had lost the battle of Waterloo six years before.

When we use ago, the verb is always in the simple past tense: He came five minutes ago.

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I hear that he's not very rich.
I hear that he's not so rich.

We can't use not so in the sense of not very. The expression He's not so rich implies a comparison: He's not so rich as you are.

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It's very hot in Rome in the summer.
It's too hot in Rome in the summer.
It's now too hot to play football.
It's now very hot to play football.

Very simply makes the adjective or adverb stronger. Too means more than enough, or so much that something else happens as a result.

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Last night I went to bed late.
Last night I went to bed lately.

The opposite of early is late, not lately. Lately means in recent times: I haven't been there lately.

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The messenger will arrive presently.
The messenger will arrive just now.

If we are speaking of a near and immediate future time, we must use presently, immediately, in a minute, or soon. Just now refers to present past time, and not to future time: He's not at home just now (= at this moment). He left just now (= a little time ago).

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