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الأخطاء الشائعة

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Rachel asked me what I was doing.
Rachel asked me what I am doing.

When the verb in the main clause is in the past tense, use a past tense in subordinate clauses.

This rule doesn't apply (1) to verbs within quotations, (2) to facts that are true at all times. We say:
1. She said, 'I am waiting for your answer'
2. He said that London is a great city

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The train already left before I arrived.
The train had already left before I arrived.

Use the past perfect when the time of one past action is more past than that of another. Put the action which was completed first in the past perfect and the second action in the past tense.

Don't use the present tense and the past perfect in the same sentence. It would be incorrect to say: My brother says that he had not gone to the cinema last night.

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They asked him to be captain, but he refused.
They asked him to be captain, but he refuses.

If you begin with a verb referring to past time, keep the verb forms in the past. The same rule applies to tenses throughout a composition.

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Ian can speak English very well.
Ian can speaks English very well.

After the verbs can, must, may, shall, and will, use the infinitive without to , and not the third person of the present.

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Ben thought he can win the prize.
Ben thought he could win the prize.

Can changes to could in subordinate clauses, when the verb in the main clause is in the past simple tense.

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