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Last year I walked to school every day.
Last year I was walking to school every day

Use the simple past tense to express a habit in the past, and not the past continuous

Use the past continuous tense to describe events in the past happening at the time another action took place: I was walking to school when I met him.

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I've forgotten to bring my book.
I've forgot to bring my book.

Use the past participle (and not the past tense) with the auxiliary verb have and its parts.

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Since he came, we've been happy
Since he came, we're happy.

The verb after a since clause of time is generally in the present perfect tense.

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You ought to have come yesterday.
You ought to come yesterday.
Also possible:
You should have come yesterday.

Don't use must and ought to as past tenses. To express a past duty (which wasn't done) use the perfect infinitive without to after ought to or should, or expressions such as had to, was obliged to.

In indirect speech use must and ought to as past tenses: He said he must do it.

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If he'll ask me, I will stay.
If he asks me, I will stay.

Use the present tense in a future conditional in the if clause and the future tense in the main clause

But the future tense may be used in an if clause expressing a request: If you will/'ll give me some money I will/'ll buy you a drink.

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