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Errori Comuni

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I saw the Parthenon of Athens.
I have seen the Parthenon of Athens.

If we are speaking of the result of a past action rather than of the action we must use the present perfect tense. When somebody says, I have seen Panthenon, he or she is not thinking so much of the past act of seeing it, as the present result of that past action.

I've forgotten to bring my book.
I've forgot to bring my book.

Use the past participle (and not the past tense) with the auxiliary verb have and its parts.

You ought to come yesterday.
You ought to have come yesterday.
Also possible:
You should have come yesterday.

Don't use must and ought to as past tenses. To express a past duty (which wasn't done) use the perfect infinitive without to after ought to or should, or expressions such as had to, was obliged to.

In indirect speech use must and ought to as past tenses: He said he must do it.

I finished the book yesterday.
I'd finished the book yesterday.

Don't use the past perfect unless there is another verb in the past tense in the same sentence.

Janine talks as if she knew everything.
Janine talks as if she knows everything.

Use the past tense after the phrase as if or as though. He talks as if he knew everything, means He talks as he would talk if he knew everything.

Use the subjective were with the verb to be after as if: He acts as if he were a rich man.


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