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Janine talks as if she knows everything.
Janine talks as if she knew everything.

Use the past tense after the phrase as if or as though. He talks as if he knew everything, means He talks as he would talk if he knew everything.

Use the subjective were with the verb to be after as if: He acts as if he were a rich man.

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Ian can speaks English very well.
Ian can speak English very well.

After the verbs can, must, may, shall, and will, use the infinitive without to , and not the third person of the present.

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Since he came, we've been happy
Since he came, we're happy.

The verb after a since clause of time is generally in the present perfect tense.

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You ought to have come yesterday.
You ought to come yesterday.
Also possible:
You should have come yesterday.

Don't use must and ought to as past tenses. To express a past duty (which wasn't done) use the perfect infinitive without to after ought to or should, or expressions such as had to, was obliged to.

In indirect speech use must and ought to as past tenses: He said he must do it.

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They asked him to be captain, but he refused.
They asked him to be captain, but he refuses.

If you begin with a verb referring to past time, keep the verb forms in the past. The same rule applies to tenses throughout a composition.

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Promosso!
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