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They have fewer books than I have.
They have less books than I have.

Less denotes amount, quantity, value, or degree, fewer denotes number. We may have less water, less food, less money, less education, but fewer books, fewer letters, fewer friends.

We say less than (five, six, etc.) pounds because the pounds are considered as a sum of money and not as a number of coins.

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My brother hasn't much books.
My brother hasn't many books
Is there many dust in the room?
Is there much dust in the room?

Use many with plural nouns: many books or many boys. Use much with uncountable nouns: much water or much bread.

In affirmative sentences many and much are generally replaced by a lot (of), a great deal (of), plenty (of), a good deal (of), a good many (of), a great number (of), a large quantity (of), etc

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Turn the page for further instructions
Turn the page for farther instructions.

Use further to mean both greater distance and more of something. We only use farther for distances: I live a bit farther away than you. Don't use it to mean more. We use further for both meanings in modern English.

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John visits his aunt every Sunday,
John visits her aunt every Sunday

In English, possessive adjectives (and pronouns) agree with the person who possesses, and not with the person or thing possessed. When the possessor is masculine, use his, and when the possessor is feminine, use her.

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I'm two years smaller than you
I'm two years younger than you.
She's three years bigger than me.
She's three years older than me.

If reference is to age, say young or old. Small and big usually refer to size: He is big (or small) for his age.

Great refers to the importance of a person or thing: Napoleon was a great man, Homer's Iliad is a great book. Use great with words like distance, height, length, depth: There is a great distance between the earth and the moon. Informally, use great to mean something nice or good: We watched a great concert last night.

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