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Val raises very early in the morning.
Val rises very early in the morning.
She rose their salaries too often.
She raised their salaries too often.

Rise is an intransitive verb and means to go up, stand up, or get out of bed. It doesn't require an object. Raise is a transitive verb and means to lift up something Their principal parts are; rise, rose, risen, and raise, raised, raised.

Arise is often used for rise, but it is better to use arise only in the sense of begin: A quarrel (a discussion, an argument, a difficulty, etc.) may arise. This is formal but is still used.

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The examiner made me sit quietly until everyone had finished.
The examiner let me sit quietly until everyone had finished.

Don't use let in the sense of make, meaning to force.

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Graham taught us how to play hockey
Graham learned us how to play hockey.

Teach means to give instruction, learn means to receive instruction: He taught me English, and I learned it quickly

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Some men are repairing the road.
Some men are correcting the road.

To correct is to make something right: to correct mistakes, a composition, a translation, one's pronunciation, etc. To repair or to mend is to put in good condition after being damaged: to repair or mend a road, clothes, shoes, etc.

To repair a watch is to put it in good condition again, but to correct a watch is to set it to the right time.

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The man was found in his office.
The man was in his office.

In English, the verb be found generally means be discovered: Diamonds are found in Africa and in India. Therefore, He was found in his office would suggest that the man had hidden himself in his office and was later discovered.

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