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Does the gardener water the flowers?
Does the gardener waters the flowers?
The man doesn't water the flowers.
The man doesn't waters the flowers.

After the auxiliary does use the infinitive without to, and not the third person of the present.

The answer to a question beginning with Does is always in the present tense, third person: Does he like the cinema? - Yes, he likes the cinema; or Yes, he does.

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The clock has struck.
The clock struck.

If we are speaking of an action just finished, we must use the present perfect instead of the simple past tense. For example, immediately after the clock strikes, we shouldn't say The clock struck, but The clock has struck.

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Janine talks as if she knew everything.
Janine talks as if she knows everything.

Use the past tense after the phrase as if or as though. He talks as if he knew everything, means He talks as he would talk if he knew everything.

Use the subjective were with the verb to be after as if: He acts as if he were a rich man.

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Last year I walked to school every day.
Last year I was walking to school every day

Use the simple past tense to express a habit in the past, and not the past continuous

Use the past continuous tense to describe events in the past happening at the time another action took place: I was walking to school when I met him.

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I saw the Parthenon of Athens.
I have seen the Parthenon of Athens.

If we are speaking of the result of a past action rather than of the action we must use the present perfect tense. When somebody says, I have seen Panthenon, he or she is not thinking so much of the past act of seeing it, as the present result of that past action.

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