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Rachel asked me what I am doing.
Rachel asked me what I was doing.

When the verb in the main clause is in the past tense, use a past tense in subordinate clauses.

This rule doesn't apply (1) to verbs within quotations, (2) to facts that are true at all times. We say:
1. She said, 'I am waiting for your answer'
2. He said that London is a great city

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I have seen the Parthenon of Athens.
I saw the Parthenon of Athens.

If we are speaking of the result of a past action rather than of the action we must use the present perfect tense. When somebody says, I have seen Panthenon, he or she is not thinking so much of the past act of seeing it, as the present result of that past action.

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I get up at six every morning.
I use to get up at six every morning.
Also possible:
I'm accustomed to getting up at six

The verb to use doesn't express a habit in the present. I use means I employI use a pen to write with.

Used to expresses a past state or habit and it usually refers to some old situation which no longer exists: I used to see him every day; My father used to play football very well.

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Does the gardener waters the flowers?
Does the gardener water the flowers?
The man doesn't waters the flowers.
The man doesn't water the flowers.

After the auxiliary does use the infinitive without to, and not the third person of the present.

The answer to a question beginning with Does is always in the present tense, third person: Does he like the cinema? - Yes, he likes the cinema; or Yes, he does.

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He said that he would come tomorrow.
He said that he will come tomorrow.

Will changes to would in subordinate causes, when the verb in the main clause is in a past tense.

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