Aprende el inglés auténtico de libros y películas.

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Look at that dog across the street!
Look at this dog across the street!

This is used to indicate something physically close to the speaker. In the case of abstract things we use this for things which are most immediately present. This is a lovely song! I'll help you do it this time. When we talk about more than one thing we use this for the closer or more immediate and that for the further away or more remote in time. If we're only talking about one thing we usually use that: What's that noise? That's a nice coat! Don't do that!

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They have fewer books than I have.
They have less books than I have.

Less denotes amount, quantity, value, or degree, fewer denotes number. We may have less water, less food, less money, less education, but fewer books, fewer letters, fewer friends.

We say less than (five, six, etc.) pounds because the pounds are considered as a sum of money and not as a number of coins.

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Jack was injured in a car accident.
Jack was wounded in a car accident.

People are injured or hurt as a result of an accident or a fight, but people are wounded in wars and battles.

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John visits her aunt every Sunday
John visits his aunt every Sunday,

In English, possessive adjectives (and pronouns) agree with the person who possesses, and not with the person or thing possessed. When the possessor is masculine, use his, and when the possessor is feminine, use her.

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He took little exercise and wasn't very fit.
He took a little exercise and wasn't very fit.
She took a little exercise and felt much better.
She took little exercise and felt much better.

Little means not much and emphasises the smallness of the amount. It's distinguished from a little which means at least some.

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Tema superado!
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