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Older and oldest are applied to both people and things, while elder and eldest are applied to people only, and most frequently to related people.
Elder can't be followed by than: Jane is older (not elder) than her sister.
Nervous means to be easily frightened or upset and can be a temporary or permanent condition. Angry describes someone's mood at a given moment.
To be ill means to be in bad health. To be sick means to vomit. We sometimes use sick idiomatically to mean feeling ill. The smell made me sick.
We can also use sick before certain nouns: The sick room, a sick note, sick leave. We use the plural noun the sick to mean ill people: Angela worked with the sick on the streets of Birmingham.
People are injured or hurt as a result of an accident or a fight, but people are wounded in wars and battles.
Less denotes amount, quantity, value, or degree, fewer denotes number. We may have less water, less food, less money, less education, but fewer books, fewer letters, fewer friends.
We say less than (five, six, etc.) pounds because the pounds are considered as a sum of money and not as a number of coins.