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My elder brother is six feet high.
My elder brother is six feet tall.

We generally use tall with people, and it's the opposite of short. Use high when referring to trees, buildings, or mountains, and it's the opposite of low.

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This girl is elder than that one
This girl is older than that one.
My older brother is called John.
My elder brother is called John.

Older and oldest are applied to both people and things, while elder and eldest are applied to people only, and most frequently to related people.

Elder can't be followed by than: Jane is older (not elder) than her sister.

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John visits her aunt every Sunday
John visits his aunt every Sunday,

In English, possessive adjectives (and pronouns) agree with the person who possesses, and not with the person or thing possessed. When the possessor is masculine, use his, and when the possessor is feminine, use her.

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He took little exercise and wasn't very fit.
He took a little exercise and wasn't very fit.
She took a little exercise and felt much better.
She took little exercise and felt much better.

Little means not much and emphasises the smallness of the amount. It's distinguished from a little which means at least some.

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Look at that dog across the street!
Look at this dog across the street!

This is used to indicate something physically close to the speaker. In the case of abstract things we use this for things which are most immediately present. This is a lovely song! I'll help you do it this time. When we talk about more than one thing we use this for the closer or more immediate and that for the further away or more remote in time. If we're only talking about one thing we usually use that: What's that noise? That's a nice coat! Don't do that!

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