Aprenda inglês de verdade com filmes e livros.

Adicione palavras ou frases para aprender e pratique com outros estudantes.

5

Erros comuns

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Look at this dog across the street!
Look at that dog across the street!

This is used to indicate something physically close to the speaker. In the case of abstract things we use this for things which are most immediately present. This is a lovely song! I'll help you do it this time. When we talk about more than one thing we use this for the closer or more immediate and that for the further away or more remote in time. If we're only talking about one thing we usually use that: What's that noise? That's a nice coat! Don't do that!

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What's the last news from the Palace?
What's the latest news from the Palace?

Latest is the last up to the present. Last is the final one: Z is the last letter of the alphabet.

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This girl is older than that one.
This girl is elder than that one
My elder brother is called John.
My older brother is called John.

Older and oldest are applied to both people and things, while elder and eldest are applied to people only, and most frequently to related people.

Elder can't be followed by than: Jane is older (not elder) than her sister.

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I'm two years younger than you.
I'm two years smaller than you
She's three years older than me.
She's three years bigger than me.

If reference is to age, say young or old. Small and big usually refer to size: He is big (or small) for his age.

Great refers to the importance of a person or thing: Napoleon was a great man, Homer's Iliad is a great book. Use great with words like distance, height, length, depth: There is a great distance between the earth and the moon. Informally, use great to mean something nice or good: We watched a great concert last night.

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Sir Walter Scott and Charles Dickens are both excellent writers, but I prefer the latter.
Sir Walter Scott and Charles Dickens are both excellent writers, but I prefer the last.

The latter means the second of two people or things which have been mentioned. The last refers to a series of more than two.

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