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Lucy is reading algebra in her room.
Lucy is studying algebra in her room.

To study means to try to learn, to read doesn't imply any effort. A student studies English, maths, history and other subjects, he/she reads a story, a letter, or a newspaper. She is reading for a degree is also correct.

The teacher accepted to go with us.
The teacher agreed to go with us.

Accept means to take something that is offered to you. Maria accepted the bunch of flowers. It also means to believe something you're told: Ken accepted his explanation. Agree to means to do what one is asked to do: David agreed to come to London on Monday, but agree with means to have the same opinion as someone else. The Long family never agree with each other.

We agree with a person, but to a thing. I agree with Luke, but I can't agree to this plan.

I went to the baker's to buy bread.
I went to the baker's to take bread.

Never use take in the sense of buy.

We remained in a very good hotel.
We stayed in a very good hotel.
Not many figs have stayed on the tree.
Not many figs have remained on the tree.

Here, to stay means to live for a short time as a guest or a visitor, and to remain means to be left after part has been taken or destroyed.

Use either verb when the meaning is to continue in the same place or condition: I'll stay (or remain) at home till tomorrow. Remain is more formal.

I am convinced of Robin's innocence.
I am persuaded of Robin's innocence.

Persuade and convince have very similar meanings and are mostly interchangeable in modern English: Delia persuaded me to take the exam = Delia convinced me to take the exam. Except in the case of to be convinced of something meaning to believe something.

Care must be taken not to confuse persuade with pursued, the past tense of pursue (= to follow).

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