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He said, 'I will go home.'
He told, 'I will go home.'
He said that he'd go home.
He told that he'd go home.

Use to say when referring to a person's actual words, and in indirect speech if the sentence doesn't contain an indirect object.

Common idioms with say and tell:
Say a prayer. Who says? I must say! You can say that again! If you say so. Tell the truth. Tell a lie. Tell a story. Tell the time. Tell your fortune. Tell someone your name.

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Penny didn't let me get my book.
Penny didn't leave me to get my book.

Let means to allow. Leave means to abandon or to go away from: Do you leave your books at school?

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We picked flowers in the garden.
We picked up flowers in the garden.
The naughty boy picked up a stone
The naughty boy picked a stone.

To pick fruit or flowers means to pull them away with the fingers, to pick up means to lift up from the ground. The important element is that what is picked up isn't attached.

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I hired out a surf board when I was in America.
I hired a surf board when I was in America.

To hire something is to pay to use it, usually for a short time, with one single payment: a suit, a bicycle, a rowing boat etc. To hire out is to offer something for someone else to hire.

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Neil was seeing out of the window.
Neil was looking out of the window.

To see is to notice with the eyes, but to look is to direct the eyes in order to see: I looked up and saw the plane.

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