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We remained in a very good hotel.
We stayed in a very good hotel.
Not many figs have stayed on the tree.
Not many figs have remained on the tree.

Here, to stay means to live for a short time as a guest or a visitor, and to remain means to be left after part has been taken or destroyed.

Use either verb when the meaning is to continue in the same place or condition: I'll stay (or remain) at home till tomorrow. Remain is more formal.

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The bowl is made from glass.
The bowl is made of glass.
The statue is made of marble.
The statue is made from marble.

We usually use of when you can still recognise the original material. We use from when the original materials are unrecognisable. In most cases either is possible.

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I'm going to lie down for an hour.
I'm going to lay down for an hour.
Please lay out the exam papers on the desk.
Please lie the exam papers on the desk.

Lie (= to rest) is an intransitive verb and never has an object. Lay (= to put) is a transitive verb and always requires an object. Their principal parts are lie, lay, lain, and lay, laid, laid.

Lie, lied, lied is to tell an untruth: He has lied to me. Lay, laid, laid also means to produce eggs: The hen has laid an egg. (Idiom: Lay the table is to prepare the table for a meal.)

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The man was found in his office.
The man was in his office.

In English, the verb be found generally means be discovered: Diamonds are found in Africa and in India. Therefore, He was found in his office would suggest that the man had hidden himself in his office and was later discovered.

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Neil was looking out of the window.
Neil was seeing out of the window.

To see is to notice with the eyes, but to look is to direct the eyes in order to see: I looked up and saw the plane.

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