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Liam has a flat at Paris.
Liam has a flat in Paris.
My mother is staying in 66 Argyle Street.
My mother is staying at 66 Argyle Street.

We use in to describe the physical location of something as part of a larger thing or place. We use at when we're talking about an address, a public place or building (a bus stop, the Post Office, the library etc.) and cases in which the location is irrelevant but what we do there is what matters (school, the dentist, dance class etc.) 

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I may be able to go in a week.
I may be able to go after a week.
Also possible:
I may be able to go in a week's time.

When speaking of a period of time in the future, use in, and not after. Here in means after the end of.

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She's lived here since two years.
She's lived here for two years.

Place the preposition for before words or phrases denoting a period of time: for three days, for six weeks, for two years, for a few minutes, for a long time. Use it with any tense except the present.

For is often omitted. We can say: I've been here for two years or I've been here two years.

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Ian's been ill since last Friday.
Ian's been ill from last Friday.

Place the preposition since before words or phrases denoting a point in time: since Monday, since yesterday, since eight o'clock, since Christmas. When we use since, the verb is usually in the present perfect tense, but it may be in the past perfect: I was glad to see Tom. I hadn't seen him since last Christmas.

From can also denote a point in time, but it must be followed by to or till: He works from eight o'clock till one o'clock without a break.

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The teacher spoke about bad habits.
The teacher spoke for bad habits,

Don't use for in the sense of about. The chief use of for is to convey the idea of being in favour of. If we say that the teacher spoke for bad habits it's like saying that he/she spoke in favour of bad habits!

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