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Распространенные ошибки

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The teacher spoke about bad habits.
The teacher spoke for bad habits,

Don't use for in the sense of about. The chief use of for is to convey the idea of being in favour of. If we say that the teacher spoke for bad habits it's like saying that he/she spoke in favour of bad habits!

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I have other books besides these
I have other books except these.
Also possible:
I have other books as well as these

Except means to leave out: Everyone was present except John.

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Liam has a flat at Paris.
Liam has a flat in Paris.
My mother is staying in 66 Argyle Street.
My mother is staying at 66 Argyle Street.

We use in to describe the physical location of something as part of a larger thing or place. We use at when we're talking about an address, a public place or building (a bus stop, the Post Office, the library etc.) and cases in which the location is irrelevant but what we do there is what matters (school, the dentist, dance class etc.) 

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We come at school every morning,
We come to school every morning.
Someone is standing to the door.
Someone is standing at the door.

Use to to express motion from one place to another, use at to denote position.

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Mary was punished by her father
Mary was punished from her father.

Use by (not from) after the passive form to show the doer of the action.

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