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Use to say when referring to a person's actual words, and in indirect speech if the sentence doesn't contain an indirect object.
Common idioms with say and tell:
Say a prayer. Who says? I must say! You can say that again! If you say so. Tell the truth. Tell a lie. Tell a story. Tell the time. Tell your fortune. Tell someone your name.
To go to bed denotes the act of lying down on a bed in preparation for going to sleep. We can say that a person went to bed at nine o'clock, but that he didn't sleep until eleven o'clock. Then he slept soundly. Go to sleep means to fall asleep. He went to sleep while he was in the cinema.
The past tense of this verb is fell, not fall. It's principal parts are: fall, fell, fallen.
Fell, felled, felled means to knock or cut down: The wood-cutter felled a large tree.
We usually use of when you can still recognise the original material. We use from when the original materials are unrecognisable. In most cases either is possible.
Persuade and convince have very similar meanings and are mostly interchangeable in modern English: Delia persuaded me to take the exam = Delia convinced me to take the exam. Except in the case of to be convinced of something meaning to believe something.
Care must be taken not to confuse persuade with pursued, the past tense of pursue (= to follow).