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She wins her living by hard work.
She earns her living by hard work.

To earn means to receive in return for work, to win is to obtain as a result of fighting, competition, gambling, etc.

The verb to gain may be used with either meaning: to gain one's living or to gain a victory, a prize, etc.

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I must avenge myself for what he did to me!
I must take revenge for what he did to me!

Avenge and revenge oneself are now only found in literary English. We usually use take revenge (on). We might also say: He must have his revenge.

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The carpenter made a large table.
The carpenter did a large table.
You must do your work carefully.
You must make your work carefully.

To make primarily means to construct or manufacture something, while to do means to accomplish a thing.

Common exceptions with make and do.

(a) To make a mistake, to make a promise, to make a speech, to make an excuse, to make haste, to make fun of, to make progress, to make a noise, to make a bed (= to prepare the bed for sleeping on)

(b) To do good, to do evil, to do your best, to do your duty, to do someone a favour, to do wrong, to do a puzzle, to do business, to do away with, to do gymnastics, to do exercises.

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He said, 'I will go home.'
He told, 'I will go home.'
He said that he'd go home.
He told that he'd go home.

Use to say when referring to a person's actual words, and in indirect speech if the sentence doesn't contain an indirect object.

Common idioms with say and tell:
Say a prayer. Who says? I must say! You can say that again! If you say so. Tell the truth. Tell a lie. Tell a story. Tell the time. Tell your fortune. Tell someone your name.

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I want to lend a book from you
I want to borrow a book from you
Will you please borrow me a book?
Will you please lend me a book?

To borrow is to get something from someone, and to lend is to give something to someone.

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