Aprende el inglés auténtico de libros y películas.

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5

Errores frecuentes

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We seat at a desk to write a letter.
We sit at a desk to write a letter.
He sat the passengers one by one.
He seated the passengers one by one.

Use sit as an intransitive verb. Seat is a transitive verb and requires an object. Very often the object of seat is a reflexive pronoun: He seated himself near the fire. The principal parts of the two verbs are: sit, sat, sat, and seat, seated, seated.

Don't confuse sit with set, which usually means to place. Common idioms with set: to set the table, to set on fire, to set off (or out), to set a trap, to set a clock, to set a price, to set your heart on, to set free, to set an example, to set a broken bone, to set to work (= to start work).

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I pleased him to do me a favour.
I asked him to do me a favour.
Also possible:
I thanked him for his lovely present.

To please means to give pleasure to: I worked hard to please my teacher.

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Because Laura worked hard she could finish the job in time.
Because Laura worked hard she was able to finish the job in time.

If the meaning is managed to or succeeded in doing, use was able to, and not could.

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I want to borrow a book from you
I want to lend a book from you
Will you please lend me a book?
Will you please borrow me a book?

To borrow is to get something from someone, and to lend is to give something to someone.

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Some men are correcting the road.
Some men are repairing the road.

To correct is to make something right: to correct mistakes, a composition, a translation, one's pronunciation, etc. To repair or to mend is to put in good condition after being damaged: to repair or mend a road, clothes, shoes, etc.

To repair a watch is to put it in good condition again, but to correct a watch is to set it to the right time.

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