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Common mistakes

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The carpenter made a large table.
The carpenter did a large table.
You must do your work carefully.
You must make your work carefully.

To make primarily means to construct or manufacture something, while to do means to accomplish a thing.

Common exceptions with make and do.

(a) To make a mistake, to make a promise, to make a speech, to make an excuse, to make haste, to make fun of, to make progress, to make a noise, to make a bed (= to prepare the bed for sleeping on)

(b) To do good, to do evil, to do your best, to do your duty, to do someone a favour, to do wrong, to do a puzzle, to do business, to do away with, to do gymnastics, to do exercises.

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Sarah refused to take the money.
Sarah denied to take the money.
John denied that he'd done it
John refused that he'd done it.

To refuse means not to take what is offered or not to do what one is asked to do. To deny means to answer in the negative or to say that a statement isn't true.

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John fell down and broke his leg.
John fall down and broke his leg.

The past tense of this verb is fell, not fall. It's principal parts are: fall, fell, fallen.

Fell, felled, felled means to knock or cut down: The wood-cutter felled a large tree.

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I was hearing her CDs.
I was listening to her CDs.

To listen to may also means to think carefully about what someone say: Gerry always listens to his mother.

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The meeting will take place soon
The meeting will take part soon.
I'll take part in the meeting.
I'll take place in the meeting.

To take place means to happen or to be held, while to take part means to be involved in.

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