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Some men are correcting the road.
Some men are repairing the road.

To correct is to make something right: to correct mistakes, a composition, a translation, one's pronunciation, etc. To repair or to mend is to put in good condition after being damaged: to repair or mend a road, clothes, shoes, etc.

To repair a watch is to put it in good condition again, but to correct a watch is to set it to the right time.

He said, 'I will go home.'
He told, 'I will go home.'
He said that he'd go home.
He told that he'd go home.

Use to say when referring to a person's actual words, and in indirect speech if the sentence doesn't contain an indirect object.

Common idioms with say and tell:
Say a prayer. Who says? I must say! You can say that again! If you say so. Tell the truth. Tell a lie. Tell a story. Tell the time. Tell your fortune. Tell someone your name.

The astronauts are taking plants to the moon.
The astronauts are bringing plants to the moon.

Using bring or take depends on where the speaker or doer is. We use bring for things coming to where we are and take for things going somewhere else: Take these cakes to your grandmother and bring (back) some flowers from her garden.

To fetch means to go somewhere else and come back with something: Please fetch me a glass of water (= go and come back with a glass of water)

I'm going to lay down for an hour.
I'm going to lie down for an hour.
Please lie the exam papers on the desk.
Please lay out the exam papers on the desk.

Lie (= to rest) is an intransitive verb and never has an object. Lay (= to put) is a transitive verb and always requires an object. Their principal parts are lie, lay, lain, and lay, laid, laid.

Lie, lied, lied is to tell an untruth: He has lied to me. Lay, laid, laid also means to produce eggs: The hen has laid an egg. (Idiom: Lay the table is to prepare the table for a meal.)

These flowers grow very quickly.
These flowers grow up very quickly.
When I grow up I'll be a doctor.
When I grow I'll be a doctor.

To grow means to become bigger, to grow up means to become an adult.

Other meanings of grow. to occur naturally in the ground: Rice grows in Egypt; to cause to grow: We grow flowers in our garden; to allow to grow: He grew a beard; to become: The nights grow cold in winter.

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