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John tore up his coat on a nail.
John tore his coat on a nail.
Philip was angry and tore the letter.
Philip was angry and tore up the letter.

To tear means to divide along a straight or irregular line, sometimes by accident. To tear up means to destroy by tearing to pieces.

The word up is often used with verbs to express the idea of greater completeness: burn up, drink up, dry up, cut up, eat up, shut up, use up.

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The meeting will take part soon.
The meeting will take place soon
I'll take place in the meeting.
I'll take part in the meeting.

To take place means to happen or to be held, while to take part means to be involved in.

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Rosie tried to found her lost book.
Rosie tried to find her lost book.

To find is a very common verb meaning to get back a thing lost. It's principal parts: find, found, found.

There is, however, another verb to found, meaning to establish: He founded the school fifty years ago.

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The bowl is made from glass.
The bowl is made of glass.
The statue is made of marble.
The statue is made from marble.

We usually use of when you can still recognise the original material. We use from when the original materials are unrecognisable. In most cases either is possible.

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He told, 'I will go home.'
He said, 'I will go home.'
He told that he'd go home.
He said that he'd go home.

Use to say when referring to a person's actual words, and in indirect speech if the sentence doesn't contain an indirect object.

Common idioms with say and tell:
Say a prayer. Who says? I must say! You can say that again! If you say so. Tell the truth. Tell a lie. Tell a story. Tell the time. Tell your fortune. Tell someone your name.

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