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We picked flowers in the garden.
We picked up flowers in the garden.
The naughty boy picked up a stone
The naughty boy picked a stone.

To pick fruit or flowers means to pull them away with the fingers, to pick up means to lift up from the ground. The important element is that what is picked up isn't attached.

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I'm going to lie down for an hour.
I'm going to lay down for an hour.
Please lay out the exam papers on the desk.
Please lie the exam papers on the desk.

Lie (= to rest) is an intransitive verb and never has an object. Lay (= to put) is a transitive verb and always requires an object. Their principal parts are lie, lay, lain, and lay, laid, laid.

Lie, lied, lied is to tell an untruth: He has lied to me. Lay, laid, laid also means to produce eggs: The hen has laid an egg. (Idiom: Lay the table is to prepare the table for a meal.)

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A sandstorm covered our clothes with dust.
A sandstorm dusted our clothes.

To dust doesn't mean to cover with dust, but to remove dust from: After sweeping, she dusted the furniture.

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My English book is with my brother.
My brother has my English book.

Avoid using be with in the sense of have. Be with means to be together or in company of: He is with his parents

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Please remember me to give it back.
Please remind me to give it back.

To remember is to have in mind: I remember what you told me. To remind is to make a person remember something.

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