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Gemma spent all the day into her room.
Gemma spent all the day in her room.
Richard came in the room and sat down.
Richard came into the room and sat down.

In denotes position inside something, while into denotes motion or direction towards the inside of something.

Always write the preposition into as one word.

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I bought a book for fifty pence.
I bought a book at fifty pence.
I can't buy it at such a high price.
I can't buy it for such a high price.

Use for if the actual sum is mentioned, use at if the actual sum isn't given.

If the weight or measure follows the price, use at with the actual sum: That velvet is available at £5 a metre.

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I may be able to go in a week.
I may be able to go after a week.
Also possible:
I may be able to go in a week's time.

When speaking of a period of time in the future, use in, and not after. Here in means after the end of.

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The man shot the bird with a gun.
The man shot the bird by a gun.

When you warn to show the means or the instrument with which the action is done, use with. By denotes the order of the action: The bird was shot by the man.

The following take by and not with: by hand, by post, by phone, by one's watch, by the hour, by the dozen, by the metre.

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Liam has a flat at Paris.
Liam has a flat in Paris.
My mother is staying in 66 Argyle Street.
My mother is staying at 66 Argyle Street.

We use in to describe the physical location of something as part of a larger thing or place. We use at when we're talking about an address, a public place or building (a bus stop, the Post Office, the library etc.) and cases in which the location is irrelevant but what we do there is what matters (school, the dentist, dance class etc.) 

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